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Bioenergy

World today is witnessing a global energy crisis owing to the ever growing demands and limited resources. Non-renewable energy sources are rapidly squandering and renewable energy sources are inadequate to cater growing demands of energy requisite. This has paved way and has provided impetuous for sorting out alternate routes for energy generation and scientists have geared up on this front at a global level. Our group extensively working on various aspects of biomass to meet energy needs and to developed sustainable solutions using various biomass.

Lignocellulosic Biorefineries : Lignocellulosic biomass is a fully renewable resource that can be used as raw material for the production of a wide variety of compounds, such as biomass-derived fuels, power, chemicals or materials. Organization and interaction among polymers of the cellwall-constructed for strength and resistance to biological, physical and chemical attack-constitute a barrier to access by depolymerizing enzymes and must be partially deconstructed in the bioconversion pretreatment step before saccharification can occur. New methods must be developed to increase the accessibility of enzymes to lignolcellulosics. To this end, development of microwave assisted systems for woody biomass has a great potential in pretreatment studies for second generation biofuels.

Our Lab focus on two aspects firstly on pretreatment (Microwave assisted & Biological) of agricultural biomass such as Wheat straw, Rice straw , Sugarcane Baggase, Barley straw etc and secondly of inhouse enzyme production. We focus on development of microwave assisted pretreatment methods for improving accesiblity of enzymes to cellulosic part of the biomass. Thus helping in improved sacchrification which will subsequently help bioethanol generation.

Waste to Watts concept : Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology, which utilizes microorganisms to transform chemical energy of organic compounds into electrical energy also called bioenergy is considered a promising alternative. Extensive studies have corroborated new insights in MFC, which show that a wide array of carbon sources including wastes can be employed. Therefore, it is necessary to develop biomimactic systems for efficient conversion of agrowastes for energy generation using MFC technology. In our lab we are dealings with various biomolecules and exploit them for energy generation using MFC technology. The approach is interdisciplinary involving materials science, biology and engineering concepts, the foundation for material design and process technology. Consequently, agro wastes using novel strategies such as MFC for energy generation is considered as an efficient & environmentally benign approach.

Our Lab focus on development of a Clean Technology by Employing Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) using Biomimetic Systems from Agrowastes.